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Italy imposing early curfew for eateries and closing gyms, pools and movie theaters as COVID-19 cases rise

Italy imposing early curfew for eateries and closing gyms, pools and movie theaters as COVID-19 cases rise

October 25, 2020 / 4:36 PM / AP

Italy’s leader imposed at least a month of new restrictions across the country Sunday to fight rising coronavirus infections , shutting down gyms, pools and movie theaters, putting an early curfew on cafes and restaurants and mandating that people keep wearing masks outdoors.

Worried about crippling Italy’s stagnant economy, especially after 10 weeks of a severe lockdown earlier in the pandemic, Italian Premier Giuseppe Conte opted against another heavy nationwide lockdown. The new decree goes into effect Monday and lasts until November 24.

«Our aim is to protect health and the economy,» Conte said.

Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte adjusts a face mask as he speaks during a news conference as the outbreak of the coronavirus continues, at Chigi Palace in Rome, Italy, on Sunday, October 25, 2020. Yara Nardi / Reuters

A day earlier, Italy surpassed a half million confirmed coronavirus cases since February, when it became the first country in Europe stricken by the pandemic. On Sunday, Italy registered 21,273 new confirmed cases and 128 deaths since the day before. Italy has reported a total of 37,338 virus deaths, Europe’s second-highest pandemic death toll after Britain.

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Restaurant and bar owners had lobbied hard against the new measures, which orders them to close at 6 p.m. Most restaurants in Italy usually don’t even start to serve dinner before 8 p.m. Cafes and restaurants were allowed in recent months to re-open for outdoor dining or limited indoor seating. But many are struggling to pay their bills and some have already failed after tourists were banned from the United States and many other countries.

Conte promised financial aid from his center-left government as soon as November to the food sector and noted that cafes and restaurants can do delivery and takeout orders until midnight. But before the curfew, no more than four diners will be allowed per restaurant table, unless they are from the same family.

Under the new rules, ski slopes are off-limits to all but competitive skiers and all spectators are banned from stadiums during professional sports matches, including soccer. Receptions after religious or civil ceremonies like weddings are forbidden. The decree continues to exempt children younger than six and those exercising outdoors from wearing masks.

Coronavirus: The Race To Respond

  • Watch Live: Minnesota governor speaks as restrictions go into effect
  • Watch Live: Massachusetts governor speaks on plan to reopen field hospitals
  • U.K. expands COVID mass-testing «moonshot» across England
  • Biden adviser floats possible lockdown to check COVID-19
  • Suicide claimed more Japanese lives in October than 10 months of COVID

More

«We all have to do small sacrifices,» Conte said. «If we can’t go to the gym, we can exercise outdoors.»

Conte kept elementary and middle schools open but said 75% of high school students must have remote classes. Crowding on public transit, especially since schools reopened last month, has concerned health authorities.

By early summer, after Italy’s lockdown was all but lifted, new virus caseloads had dropped as low as 200 a day.

«These are difficult days,» Health Minister Roberto Speranza said after Conte explained the aim of the latest limits. «The curve of contagion is growing in the world. And in all Europe the wave is very high. We must react immediately and with determination if we want to avoid unsustainable numbers.»

Several Italian regions and cities recently slapped on overnight curfews to cut down on young people congregating outdoors, especially to drink. But Conte said given the approaching cold weather, people would prefer to socialize inside at bars and restaurants instead, so that’s why he ordered them to close early.

A waiter stands outside a café in downtown Rome, on Sunday, October 25, 2020. Cecilia FabianoLaPresse via AP

First published on October 25, 2020 / 4:36 PM

© 2020 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Sign up for Breaking News Alerts

Be in the know. Get the latest breaking news delivered straight to your inbox.

Northwestern Now

Complex networks expert shares his all-star 2018 World Cup team

Engineering professor Luís Amaral has investigated complex social and structural networks in areas ranging from healthcare and biology to gender discrimination and gun violence. His diverse research interests and innate curiosity eventually led him to study soccer — his favorite sport.

Amaral used his knowledge of network complexity to create an algorithm that objectively ranks professional soccer players. With the help of students in his lab, Amaral built a network for each team, which reflected who passed the ball to whom, how accurate those passes were, and how likely those passes were to end in a goal.

Before Amaral’s algorithm, the only way to identify stellar soccer players was by listening to sports pundits. Amaral’s lab developed the first objective, data-driven system for understanding who to watch on soccer fields across the globe.

Using sophisticated coding techniques and analytical tools, Amaral’s team created what they termed an “Average Footballer Rating” (AFR) for each player, based on how influential they are in soccer matches. Taken together, the AFR values of all players on a given team indicate that team’s strength — its success at making passes that result in goals. For people who follow soccer, the top three players – Lionel Messi, Neymar Jr., Cristiano Ronaldo — are no surprise.

“A player with an AFR greater than 70 is pretty much superhuman,” Amaral says. “And an AFR above 70 over many seasons is god-like.”

A player with an AFR greater than 70 is pretty much superhuman.”

Luís Amaral
Co-director, Northwestern Institute on Complex Systems (NICO)

In addition to generating AFR values, Amaral’s algorithm produces a network visual for each team, comprised of nodes — one circle for each player — and lines connecting those players. The nodes and lines vary in size — larger circles indicate more influential players, and wider lines reflect stronger connections between players.

Amaral can build similar networks and rating systems for basketball and hockey — so-called “flow sports.” Football and baseball, he says, are too static and prescribed; you can determine probabilities based on how many yards a team needs to get a first down or who’s on first.


Visualization of a match between Italy and Spain.

But in flow sports, which are more complex, “things are always in motion. Players move all over. There are no breaks in play when the clock is running.”

When Amaral used the AFR values to evaluate the Euro Cup teams in 2008, his method showed Spain was the strongest team and Xavier «Xavi» Hernández Creus, a player on Spain’s team that year, was statistically the best player.

Spain won the Euro Cup in 2008, and the Union of European Football Associations named Xavi the Player of the Tournament.

With the 2018 World Cup just weeks away, Amaral and his collaborator Jordi Duch used this algorithm to build the “World Cup Dream Team”: a May 2018 snapshot of the 10 best outfield players — who will compete in the World Cup — at their respective positions.

World Cup: Wait and see

So, can AFR scores be used to predict today who will win the upcoming World Cup? Not so fast, Amaral says.

“When you are estimating the winner of a World Cup, luck and chance play a huge role,” he says, much more than in the larger sample size of a long season.

What Amaral’s system can do is determine probabilities.

“Our algorithm tells us what the likelihood of outcomes are,” Amaral says. “It’s the difference, for instance, between asking what’s the likelihood that certain teams are going to make the playoffs, versus winning the Super Bowl.”

Lionel Messi, Neymar Jr. and Cristiano Ronaldo all have AFR scores of 73 . Based on those values, we can’t say Argentina, Brazil or Portugal will win the tournament, but we do know which players — and teams — to watch at the World Cup.

Learn more

Bring Amaral’s Dream Team to your World Cup watch party:
Download a high-resolution PDF here

Who are the best 18 players in the world today?
View Amaral’s AFR list

Luís Amaral is the Erastus Otis Haven Professor of Chemical and Biological Engineering in the McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science. He is also the co-director of the Northwestern Institute on Complex Systems (NICO), and a fellow of both the American Physical Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Published: May 08, 2018. Updated: January 28, 2019.

  • Address
  • Northwestern University
  • 1603 Orrington Ave, 2nd Floor
  • Evanston, IL 60208
  • Phone number
  • Evanston
  • (847) 491-5001
  • Email address
  • news@northwestern.edu

Italy imposing early curfew for eateries and closing gyms, pools and movie theaters as COVID-19 cases rise

October 25, 2020 / 4:36 PM / AP

Italy’s leader imposed at least a month of new restrictions across the country Sunday to fight rising coronavirus infections , shutting down gyms, pools and movie theaters, putting an early curfew on cafes and restaurants and mandating that people keep wearing masks outdoors.

Читать еще:  Автомат Калашникова АК-12 (Россия)

Worried about crippling Italy’s stagnant economy, especially after 10 weeks of a severe lockdown earlier in the pandemic, Italian Premier Giuseppe Conte opted against another heavy nationwide lockdown. The new decree goes into effect Monday and lasts until November 24.

«Our aim is to protect health and the economy,» Conte said.

Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte adjusts a face mask as he speaks during a news conference as the outbreak of the coronavirus continues, at Chigi Palace in Rome, Italy, on Sunday, October 25, 2020. Yara Nardi / Reuters

A day earlier, Italy surpassed a half million confirmed coronavirus cases since February, when it became the first country in Europe stricken by the pandemic. On Sunday, Italy registered 21,273 new confirmed cases and 128 deaths since the day before. Italy has reported a total of 37,338 virus deaths, Europe’s second-highest pandemic death toll after Britain.

Get Breaking News Delivered to Your Inbox

Restaurant and bar owners had lobbied hard against the new measures, which orders them to close at 6 p.m. Most restaurants in Italy usually don’t even start to serve dinner before 8 p.m. Cafes and restaurants were allowed in recent months to re-open for outdoor dining or limited indoor seating. But many are struggling to pay their bills and some have already failed after tourists were banned from the United States and many other countries.

Conte promised financial aid from his center-left government as soon as November to the food sector and noted that cafes and restaurants can do delivery and takeout orders until midnight. But before the curfew, no more than four diners will be allowed per restaurant table, unless they are from the same family.

Under the new rules, ski slopes are off-limits to all but competitive skiers and all spectators are banned from stadiums during professional sports matches, including soccer. Receptions after religious or civil ceremonies like weddings are forbidden. The decree continues to exempt children younger than six and those exercising outdoors from wearing masks.

Coronavirus: The Race To Respond

  • Watch Live: Minnesota governor speaks as restrictions go into effect
  • Watch Live: Massachusetts governor speaks on plan to reopen field hospitals
  • U.K. expands COVID mass-testing «moonshot» across England
  • Biden adviser floats possible lockdown to check COVID-19
  • Suicide claimed more Japanese lives in October than 10 months of COVID

More

«We all have to do small sacrifices,» Conte said. «If we can’t go to the gym, we can exercise outdoors.»

Conte kept elementary and middle schools open but said 75% of high school students must have remote classes. Crowding on public transit, especially since schools reopened last month, has concerned health authorities.

By early summer, after Italy’s lockdown was all but lifted, new virus caseloads had dropped as low as 200 a day.

«These are difficult days,» Health Minister Roberto Speranza said after Conte explained the aim of the latest limits. «The curve of contagion is growing in the world. And in all Europe the wave is very high. We must react immediately and with determination if we want to avoid unsustainable numbers.»

Several Italian regions and cities recently slapped on overnight curfews to cut down on young people congregating outdoors, especially to drink. But Conte said given the approaching cold weather, people would prefer to socialize inside at bars and restaurants instead, so that’s why he ordered them to close early.

A waiter stands outside a café in downtown Rome, on Sunday, October 25, 2020. Cecilia FabianoLaPresse via AP

First published on October 25, 2020 / 4:36 PM

© 2020 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Sign up for Breaking News Alerts

Be in the know. Get the latest breaking news delivered straight to your inbox.

by BeSoccer @besoccer_com — 18 Jun 2019 0 1,657

Surprise package Italy are aiming to emulate Germany and France by topping their group when they face Brazil on Tuesday in an encounter that evokes classic World Cup memories.

RND 3 Women World Cup
Italia

Brasil

Italia

NEWS | team detail

Brasil

NEWS | team detail

Competition
Women World Cup

Milena Bertolini’s side have a perfect six points after scoring seven times in their opening two matches, including a shock opening win over pre-tournament dark horses Australia, and need a draw against Brazil to ensure topping Group C.

The clash harks back to some pulsating men’s World Cup encounters, including the Pele-inspired 4-1 destruction of the Italians in the 1970 final and Paolo Rossi’s hat-trick in 1982, which downed Zico’s flamboyant Selecao 3-2 as Italy went on to lift the trophy.

«I have vivid memories of the Italy-Brazil match in 1982 and being here to experience such a match in person is incredible,» said Bertolini.

The Italians have surpassed all expectations in France and have shone a light on women’s football in a country where there are just a fraction of the players that world champions the United States can call upon, despite being a powerhouse in the men’s game.

«We need to be good at everything,» added Bertolini of the clash in Valenciennes.

«In the first match it was important that we kept the ball so we could breathe, against Jamaica we needed to maintain a balance (in attack). With Brazil we need to bring it all together.»

Australia can snatch second place if they beat Jamaica, who have failed to score in losing both their matches, and Brazil fail to win.

The Matildas looked dead and buried as they headed towards half-time against Brazil two goals down, but Caitlin Foord’s stoppage-time strike sparked an incredible fightback to win 3-2.

— Koreans crash out —

Norway await the Group C runners-up in the last 16 after Martin Sjogren’s side inched past South Korea 2-1 in Reims on Monday, thanks to two penalties, to finish second in Group A.

  • Neymar to miss both Brazil qualifiers
  • Rashford, Coady to miss England’s Nations League ties
  • A breath of fresh air for Trippier means Simeone can relax
  • «Ronaldo is obsessed with being the best of all time»

Caroline Graham Hansen gave Norway a third-minute lead after Cho So-hyun grabbed Maria Thorisdottir.

Graham Hansen was chopped down by Kang Chae-rim shortly after half-time but the Barcelona striker was receiving treatment and had to watch as Isabell Herlovsen squeezed home Norway’s second from the spot.

Yeo Min-ji’s poked finish 12 minutes from time ensured a nervy finale for Norway.

The Scandinavians survived a stoppage-time scare when Yeo’s header was a fraction wide for the impressive Koreans, who are out after three defeats.

Norway will have to sweat on Graham Hansen’s fitness, but the 24-year-old said «the doctors are positive» she’ll be ready for Saturday’s last-16 match in Nice.

France confirmed top spot in Group A after Wendie Renard scored the only goal against Nigeria with a retaken spot-kick in Rennes.

They face the prospect of a quarter-final against defending champions USA if the Americans top Group F and get through the last 16 as expected.

Germany made sure they avoided the USA in the next phase after hammering South Africa 4-0 to finish top of Group B.

The Germans finished on a perfect nine points without conceding a goal despite being without injured star Dzsenifer Marozsan for the past two games.

Spain will likely face the USA after qualifying second in Group B behind the Germans, after a goalless draw with China who are also guaranteed to go through as one of the four best third-placed sides.

Northwestern Now

Complex networks expert shares his all-star 2018 World Cup team

Engineering professor Luís Amaral has investigated complex social and structural networks in areas ranging from healthcare and biology to gender discrimination and gun violence. His diverse research interests and innate curiosity eventually led him to study soccer — his favorite sport.

Amaral used his knowledge of network complexity to create an algorithm that objectively ranks professional soccer players. With the help of students in his lab, Amaral built a network for each team, which reflected who passed the ball to whom, how accurate those passes were, and how likely those passes were to end in a goal.

Before Amaral’s algorithm, the only way to identify stellar soccer players was by listening to sports pundits. Amaral’s lab developed the first objective, data-driven system for understanding who to watch on soccer fields across the globe.

Using sophisticated coding techniques and analytical tools, Amaral’s team created what they termed an “Average Footballer Rating” (AFR) for each player, based on how influential they are in soccer matches. Taken together, the AFR values of all players on a given team indicate that team’s strength — its success at making passes that result in goals. For people who follow soccer, the top three players – Lionel Messi, Neymar Jr., Cristiano Ronaldo — are no surprise.

“A player with an AFR greater than 70 is pretty much superhuman,” Amaral says. “And an AFR above 70 over many seasons is god-like.”

A player with an AFR greater than 70 is pretty much superhuman.”

Luís Amaral
Co-director, Northwestern Institute on Complex Systems (NICO)

In addition to generating AFR values, Amaral’s algorithm produces a network visual for each team, comprised of nodes — one circle for each player — and lines connecting those players. The nodes and lines vary in size — larger circles indicate more influential players, and wider lines reflect stronger connections between players.

Amaral can build similar networks and rating systems for basketball and hockey — so-called “flow sports.” Football and baseball, he says, are too static and prescribed; you can determine probabilities based on how many yards a team needs to get a first down or who’s on first.

Читать еще:  Снайперская винтовка Istiglal IST-14,5 (Азербайджан)


Visualization of a match between Italy and Spain.

But in flow sports, which are more complex, “things are always in motion. Players move all over. There are no breaks in play when the clock is running.”

When Amaral used the AFR values to evaluate the Euro Cup teams in 2008, his method showed Spain was the strongest team and Xavier «Xavi» Hernández Creus, a player on Spain’s team that year, was statistically the best player.

Spain won the Euro Cup in 2008, and the Union of European Football Associations named Xavi the Player of the Tournament.

With the 2018 World Cup just weeks away, Amaral and his collaborator Jordi Duch used this algorithm to build the “World Cup Dream Team”: a May 2018 snapshot of the 10 best outfield players — who will compete in the World Cup — at their respective positions.

World Cup: Wait and see

So, can AFR scores be used to predict today who will win the upcoming World Cup? Not so fast, Amaral says.

“When you are estimating the winner of a World Cup, luck and chance play a huge role,” he says, much more than in the larger sample size of a long season.

What Amaral’s system can do is determine probabilities.

“Our algorithm tells us what the likelihood of outcomes are,” Amaral says. “It’s the difference, for instance, between asking what’s the likelihood that certain teams are going to make the playoffs, versus winning the Super Bowl.”

Lionel Messi, Neymar Jr. and Cristiano Ronaldo all have AFR scores of 73 . Based on those values, we can’t say Argentina, Brazil or Portugal will win the tournament, but we do know which players — and teams — to watch at the World Cup.

Learn more

Bring Amaral’s Dream Team to your World Cup watch party:
Download a high-resolution PDF here

Who are the best 18 players in the world today?
View Amaral’s AFR list

Luís Amaral is the Erastus Otis Haven Professor of Chemical and Biological Engineering in the McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science. He is also the co-director of the Northwestern Institute on Complex Systems (NICO), and a fellow of both the American Physical Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Published: May 08, 2018. Updated: January 28, 2019.

  • Address
  • Northwestern University
  • 1603 Orrington Ave, 2nd Floor
  • Evanston, IL 60208
  • Phone number
  • Evanston
  • (847) 491-5001
  • Email address
  • news@northwestern.edu

Italy imposing early curfew for eateries and closing gyms, pools and movie theaters as COVID-19 cases rise

October 25, 2020 / 4:36 PM / AP

Italy’s leader imposed at least a month of new restrictions across the country Sunday to fight rising coronavirus infections , shutting down gyms, pools and movie theaters, putting an early curfew on cafes and restaurants and mandating that people keep wearing masks outdoors.

Worried about crippling Italy’s stagnant economy, especially after 10 weeks of a severe lockdown earlier in the pandemic, Italian Premier Giuseppe Conte opted against another heavy nationwide lockdown. The new decree goes into effect Monday and lasts until November 24.

«Our aim is to protect health and the economy,» Conte said.

Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte adjusts a face mask as he speaks during a news conference as the outbreak of the coronavirus continues, at Chigi Palace in Rome, Italy, on Sunday, October 25, 2020. Yara Nardi / Reuters

A day earlier, Italy surpassed a half million confirmed coronavirus cases since February, when it became the first country in Europe stricken by the pandemic. On Sunday, Italy registered 21,273 new confirmed cases and 128 deaths since the day before. Italy has reported a total of 37,338 virus deaths, Europe’s second-highest pandemic death toll after Britain.

Get Breaking News Delivered to Your Inbox

Restaurant and bar owners had lobbied hard against the new measures, which orders them to close at 6 p.m. Most restaurants in Italy usually don’t even start to serve dinner before 8 p.m. Cafes and restaurants were allowed in recent months to re-open for outdoor dining or limited indoor seating. But many are struggling to pay their bills and some have already failed after tourists were banned from the United States and many other countries.

Conte promised financial aid from his center-left government as soon as November to the food sector and noted that cafes and restaurants can do delivery and takeout orders until midnight. But before the curfew, no more than four diners will be allowed per restaurant table, unless they are from the same family.

Under the new rules, ski slopes are off-limits to all but competitive skiers and all spectators are banned from stadiums during professional sports matches, including soccer. Receptions after religious or civil ceremonies like weddings are forbidden. The decree continues to exempt children younger than six and those exercising outdoors from wearing masks.

Coronavirus: The Race To Respond

  • Watch Live: Minnesota governor speaks as restrictions go into effect
  • Watch Live: Massachusetts governor speaks on plan to reopen field hospitals
  • U.K. expands COVID mass-testing «moonshot» across England
  • Biden adviser floats possible lockdown to check COVID-19
  • Suicide claimed more Japanese lives in October than 10 months of COVID

More

«We all have to do small sacrifices,» Conte said. «If we can’t go to the gym, we can exercise outdoors.»

Conte kept elementary and middle schools open but said 75% of high school students must have remote classes. Crowding on public transit, especially since schools reopened last month, has concerned health authorities.

By early summer, after Italy’s lockdown was all but lifted, new virus caseloads had dropped as low as 200 a day.

«These are difficult days,» Health Minister Roberto Speranza said after Conte explained the aim of the latest limits. «The curve of contagion is growing in the world. And in all Europe the wave is very high. We must react immediately and with determination if we want to avoid unsustainable numbers.»

Several Italian regions and cities recently slapped on overnight curfews to cut down on young people congregating outdoors, especially to drink. But Conte said given the approaching cold weather, people would prefer to socialize inside at bars and restaurants instead, so that’s why he ordered them to close early.

A waiter stands outside a café in downtown Rome, on Sunday, October 25, 2020. Cecilia FabianoLaPresse via AP

First published on October 25, 2020 / 4:36 PM

© 2020 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Sign up for Breaking News Alerts

Be in the know. Get the latest breaking news delivered straight to your inbox.

Northwestern Now

Complex networks expert shares his all-star 2018 World Cup team

Engineering professor Luís Amaral has investigated complex social and structural networks in areas ranging from healthcare and biology to gender discrimination and gun violence. His diverse research interests and innate curiosity eventually led him to study soccer — his favorite sport.

Amaral used his knowledge of network complexity to create an algorithm that objectively ranks professional soccer players. With the help of students in his lab, Amaral built a network for each team, which reflected who passed the ball to whom, how accurate those passes were, and how likely those passes were to end in a goal.

Before Amaral’s algorithm, the only way to identify stellar soccer players was by listening to sports pundits. Amaral’s lab developed the first objective, data-driven system for understanding who to watch on soccer fields across the globe.

Using sophisticated coding techniques and analytical tools, Amaral’s team created what they termed an “Average Footballer Rating” (AFR) for each player, based on how influential they are in soccer matches. Taken together, the AFR values of all players on a given team indicate that team’s strength — its success at making passes that result in goals. For people who follow soccer, the top three players – Lionel Messi, Neymar Jr., Cristiano Ronaldo — are no surprise.

“A player with an AFR greater than 70 is pretty much superhuman,” Amaral says. “And an AFR above 70 over many seasons is god-like.”

A player with an AFR greater than 70 is pretty much superhuman.”

Luís Amaral
Co-director, Northwestern Institute on Complex Systems (NICO)

In addition to generating AFR values, Amaral’s algorithm produces a network visual for each team, comprised of nodes — one circle for each player — and lines connecting those players. The nodes and lines vary in size — larger circles indicate more influential players, and wider lines reflect stronger connections between players.

Amaral can build similar networks and rating systems for basketball and hockey — so-called “flow sports.” Football and baseball, he says, are too static and prescribed; you can determine probabilities based on how many yards a team needs to get a first down or who’s on first.


Visualization of a match between Italy and Spain.

But in flow sports, which are more complex, “things are always in motion. Players move all over. There are no breaks in play when the clock is running.”

When Amaral used the AFR values to evaluate the Euro Cup teams in 2008, his method showed Spain was the strongest team and Xavier «Xavi» Hernández Creus, a player on Spain’s team that year, was statistically the best player.

Spain won the Euro Cup in 2008, and the Union of European Football Associations named Xavi the Player of the Tournament.

With the 2018 World Cup just weeks away, Amaral and his collaborator Jordi Duch used this algorithm to build the “World Cup Dream Team”: a May 2018 snapshot of the 10 best outfield players — who will compete in the World Cup — at their respective positions.

Читать еще:  Штурмовая винтовка SR-88 / SR-88A (Сингапур)

World Cup: Wait and see

So, can AFR scores be used to predict today who will win the upcoming World Cup? Not so fast, Amaral says.

“When you are estimating the winner of a World Cup, luck and chance play a huge role,” he says, much more than in the larger sample size of a long season.

What Amaral’s system can do is determine probabilities.

“Our algorithm tells us what the likelihood of outcomes are,” Amaral says. “It’s the difference, for instance, between asking what’s the likelihood that certain teams are going to make the playoffs, versus winning the Super Bowl.”

Lionel Messi, Neymar Jr. and Cristiano Ronaldo all have AFR scores of 73 . Based on those values, we can’t say Argentina, Brazil or Portugal will win the tournament, but we do know which players — and teams — to watch at the World Cup.

Learn more

Bring Amaral’s Dream Team to your World Cup watch party:
Download a high-resolution PDF here

Who are the best 18 players in the world today?
View Amaral’s AFR list

Luís Amaral is the Erastus Otis Haven Professor of Chemical and Biological Engineering in the McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science. He is also the co-director of the Northwestern Institute on Complex Systems (NICO), and a fellow of both the American Physical Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Published: May 08, 2018. Updated: January 28, 2019.

  • Address
  • Northwestern University
  • 1603 Orrington Ave, 2nd Floor
  • Evanston, IL 60208
  • Phone number
  • Evanston
  • (847) 491-5001
  • Email address
  • news@northwestern.edu

by BeSoccer @besoccer_com — 18 Jun 2019 0 1,657

Surprise package Italy are aiming to emulate Germany and France by topping their group when they face Brazil on Tuesday in an encounter that evokes classic World Cup memories.

RND 3 Women World Cup
Italia

Brasil

Italia

NEWS | team detail

Brasil

NEWS | team detail

Competition
Women World Cup

Milena Bertolini’s side have a perfect six points after scoring seven times in their opening two matches, including a shock opening win over pre-tournament dark horses Australia, and need a draw against Brazil to ensure topping Group C.

The clash harks back to some pulsating men’s World Cup encounters, including the Pele-inspired 4-1 destruction of the Italians in the 1970 final and Paolo Rossi’s hat-trick in 1982, which downed Zico’s flamboyant Selecao 3-2 as Italy went on to lift the trophy.

«I have vivid memories of the Italy-Brazil match in 1982 and being here to experience such a match in person is incredible,» said Bertolini.

The Italians have surpassed all expectations in France and have shone a light on women’s football in a country where there are just a fraction of the players that world champions the United States can call upon, despite being a powerhouse in the men’s game.

«We need to be good at everything,» added Bertolini of the clash in Valenciennes.

«In the first match it was important that we kept the ball so we could breathe, against Jamaica we needed to maintain a balance (in attack). With Brazil we need to bring it all together.»

Australia can snatch second place if they beat Jamaica, who have failed to score in losing both their matches, and Brazil fail to win.

The Matildas looked dead and buried as they headed towards half-time against Brazil two goals down, but Caitlin Foord’s stoppage-time strike sparked an incredible fightback to win 3-2.

— Koreans crash out —

Norway await the Group C runners-up in the last 16 after Martin Sjogren’s side inched past South Korea 2-1 in Reims on Monday, thanks to two penalties, to finish second in Group A.

  • Neymar to miss both Brazil qualifiers
  • Rashford, Coady to miss England’s Nations League ties
  • A breath of fresh air for Trippier means Simeone can relax
  • «Ronaldo is obsessed with being the best of all time»

Caroline Graham Hansen gave Norway a third-minute lead after Cho So-hyun grabbed Maria Thorisdottir.

Graham Hansen was chopped down by Kang Chae-rim shortly after half-time but the Barcelona striker was receiving treatment and had to watch as Isabell Herlovsen squeezed home Norway’s second from the spot.

Yeo Min-ji’s poked finish 12 minutes from time ensured a nervy finale for Norway.

The Scandinavians survived a stoppage-time scare when Yeo’s header was a fraction wide for the impressive Koreans, who are out after three defeats.

Norway will have to sweat on Graham Hansen’s fitness, but the 24-year-old said «the doctors are positive» she’ll be ready for Saturday’s last-16 match in Nice.

France confirmed top spot in Group A after Wendie Renard scored the only goal against Nigeria with a retaken spot-kick in Rennes.

They face the prospect of a quarter-final against defending champions USA if the Americans top Group F and get through the last 16 as expected.

Germany made sure they avoided the USA in the next phase after hammering South Africa 4-0 to finish top of Group B.

The Germans finished on a perfect nine points without conceding a goal despite being without injured star Dzsenifer Marozsan for the past two games.

Spain will likely face the USA after qualifying second in Group B behind the Germans, after a goalless draw with China who are also guaranteed to go through as one of the four best third-placed sides.

Italy imposing early curfew for eateries and closing gyms, pools and movie theaters as COVID-19 cases rise

October 25, 2020 / 4:36 PM / AP

Italy’s leader imposed at least a month of new restrictions across the country Sunday to fight rising coronavirus infections , shutting down gyms, pools and movie theaters, putting an early curfew on cafes and restaurants and mandating that people keep wearing masks outdoors.

Worried about crippling Italy’s stagnant economy, especially after 10 weeks of a severe lockdown earlier in the pandemic, Italian Premier Giuseppe Conte opted against another heavy nationwide lockdown. The new decree goes into effect Monday and lasts until November 24.

«Our aim is to protect health and the economy,» Conte said.

Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte adjusts a face mask as he speaks during a news conference as the outbreak of the coronavirus continues, at Chigi Palace in Rome, Italy, on Sunday, October 25, 2020. Yara Nardi / Reuters

A day earlier, Italy surpassed a half million confirmed coronavirus cases since February, when it became the first country in Europe stricken by the pandemic. On Sunday, Italy registered 21,273 new confirmed cases and 128 deaths since the day before. Italy has reported a total of 37,338 virus deaths, Europe’s second-highest pandemic death toll after Britain.

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Restaurant and bar owners had lobbied hard against the new measures, which orders them to close at 6 p.m. Most restaurants in Italy usually don’t even start to serve dinner before 8 p.m. Cafes and restaurants were allowed in recent months to re-open for outdoor dining or limited indoor seating. But many are struggling to pay their bills and some have already failed after tourists were banned from the United States and many other countries.

Conte promised financial aid from his center-left government as soon as November to the food sector and noted that cafes and restaurants can do delivery and takeout orders until midnight. But before the curfew, no more than four diners will be allowed per restaurant table, unless they are from the same family.

Under the new rules, ski slopes are off-limits to all but competitive skiers and all spectators are banned from stadiums during professional sports matches, including soccer. Receptions after religious or civil ceremonies like weddings are forbidden. The decree continues to exempt children younger than six and those exercising outdoors from wearing masks.

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«We all have to do small sacrifices,» Conte said. «If we can’t go to the gym, we can exercise outdoors.»

Conte kept elementary and middle schools open but said 75% of high school students must have remote classes. Crowding on public transit, especially since schools reopened last month, has concerned health authorities.

By early summer, after Italy’s lockdown was all but lifted, new virus caseloads had dropped as low as 200 a day.

«These are difficult days,» Health Minister Roberto Speranza said after Conte explained the aim of the latest limits. «The curve of contagion is growing in the world. And in all Europe the wave is very high. We must react immediately and with determination if we want to avoid unsustainable numbers.»

Several Italian regions and cities recently slapped on overnight curfews to cut down on young people congregating outdoors, especially to drink. But Conte said given the approaching cold weather, people would prefer to socialize inside at bars and restaurants instead, so that’s why he ordered them to close early.

A waiter stands outside a café in downtown Rome, on Sunday, October 25, 2020. Cecilia FabianoLaPresse via AP

First published on October 25, 2020 / 4:36 PM

© 2020 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

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